The arrangements made at London City Airport for the monitoring and control of Air Quality
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INEVITABLY airports generate concerns about air quality and odours especially in an atmosphere when there is increasing worry about climate change and the impact which emissions might have on global warming. This is, therefore, a matter of ongoing concern to the Airport which already operates air quality monitoring equipment as part of an Air Quality Strategy adopted some time ago.
Air Quality Strategy
THE Airport's approach to air quality is one involving full air quality assessment to ensure and demonstrate that any future growth at the Airport can be accomplished without producing unacceptable air quality impacts. The strategy is based on direct measurements and environmental monitoring rather than predictive modelling.
The Airport is confident this measurement strategy will allow them to monitor local background air quality, the effects of road traffic and surface access and provide information useful in investigating changes in aircraft types and dispersion patterns around the airport.
The strategy requires a three part monitoring programme. The measuring and collation process began in September 2006, following the installation of state of the art air quality monitoring equipment in the vicinity of the airport. The three-part monitoring programme comprises:
Long Term - A continuous urban air quality monitoring station for NO 2 and PM 10 . This was successfully installed in September 2006 on the roof of City Aviation House to allow for the assessment of background air quality.
It is intended that the air quality monitoring programme will run in combination with the local authority monitoring programmes in the area. The continuous urban air quality monitoring station will complement the information collected by the London Borough of Newham and may even add to the body of knowledge about air quality in the London Thames Gateway. The spatial and short term monitoring work, in combination with the base station results, will allow the Airport to predict much better the effects of developments without the uncertainties in modelling assessment methods.
Emissions reduction strategy
The Airport operates a number of operational management initiatives to help reduce emissions attributable to ground operations at the airport including:
Perhaps the biggest contributor to reducing the impact of emissions from road traffic to and from the airport was the opening in December 2005 of the Airport Extension of the Docklands Light Railway which includes a station at the Airport. By August 2006, after just 8 months of operation, the airport was witnessing a much higher proportion of passengers (42%) accessing the airport by rail, more than any other London Airport.
Air Quality Action Plan
THE Airport undertook that by July 2010 it would draw up an Air Quality Action Plan (AQAP). Once approved by the the local planning authority, the AQAP would then be implemented within six months.
The AQAP is defined as an action plan for the management and mitigation of any air quality impacts affecting the local community within the vicinity of the Airport due to the operation of the Airport (including vehicles going to or from the Airport) including:
The action plan is to identify the principal sources of emissions. Where these exceed the the air quality objectives set out in the Air Quality (England) Regulations 2000 as amended by the Air Quality (England) (Amendment) Regulations 2002 the likely causes are to be identified. Especially where the air quality objectives are exceeded the AQAP is also to include those of the following Air Quality Action Plan Measures (AQAPM) which may be agreed with the local planning authority:
In drawing up the AQAP the Airport is to demonstrate that it has considered all of these measures and if any are not included the reasons are to explained. In considering these measures the Airport will have regard to their feasibility, cost-effectiveness and proportionality and the safety implications.
In addition there will be an Air Quality Measurement Programme (AQMP) to assess the potential air quality impacts of the Airport and to investigate anomalies with any other measurements taken by the Council in the vicinity of the Airport, The AQMP will include:
The AQAP is to be reviewed every three years. The Review will propose any changes necessary to ensure the AQAP continues to address any significant air quality impacts arising from the Airport and that the arrangements still represent best practice in air quality monitoring and mitigation. Again, the Airport will demonstrate that it has considered all of the AQAPM measures and if any are not included the reasons will be explained. In considering these measures the Airport will have regard to their feasibility, cost-effectiveness and proportionality and the safety implications.
Until such time as the Air Quality Action Plan is completed, approved and implemented the Airport will:
The Air Quality Action Plan is presently being discussed with the Council.
Air Quality - Quarterly Reports
Starting in July 2010 the Airport began to publish quarterly a summary of the results from its Air Quality Measurement Programme for the previous quarter. Copies of these reports are posted to this website. Here are the reports showing the results for:
Instead of a fourth quarter report (i.e. for the period October – December) of any year the results from that quarter are wrapped-up into the Annual Report - see the next section.
Air Quality Measurement Programme - Annual Reports
Here are copies of the Annual Reports for 2009, 2010, 2011 and 2012. The findings of the AQMP for each year are summarised in the Executive Summary of the Report for that year.
Volatile Organic Compounds and Airport Odours
The 2009 Section 106 Planning Agreement for London City Airport requires that a study be undertaken to measure concentrations of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) and odours in and around the Airport site. The Report, which describes the outcome of this investigation, was published in July 2010.
1997 Report on Air Quality
IN 1997 the Airport commissioned consultants to investigate concerns about air quality raised by a resident of Parker Street (adjoining the Airport). Click here for a copy of their report.
Annual Performance Report
It is worth looking at the slides used in the presentation given by Air Quality Consultants to the the April 2010 meeting of the Consultative Committee.
An independent Consultative Committee established by London City Airport pursuant to Section 35 of the Civil Aviation Act 1982
Page last modified: 1 November 2013